Batik Indonesia Official Recognized by UNESCO

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Jakarta (ANTARA News) - Indonesia Batik officially recognized by UNESCO incorporated into the Representative List of Cultural Heritage objects No Man (Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity) in the 4th Session of the Intergovernmental Committee (Fourth Session of the Intergovernmental Committee) of the Heritage of non-object in Abu Dhabi.

In a press release from the Ministry of Culture and Tourism (Depbudpar) received by AFP in Jakarta, Friday, UNESCO recognizes Indonesian batik along with the cultural eyes of 111 nominations from 35 countries, and are recognized and included in the Representative List of the culture as much as 76 eyes.

Earlier in the year 2003 and 2005 UNESCO has been recognized as a Puppet and Keris Masterpieces of the Oral Culture and Heritage Takbenda Man (Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity), which in 2008 incorporated into the Representative List.

Depbudpar stated in the entry of Indonesian Batik UNESCO Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity is an international recognition of one's eyes Indonesian culture, which is expected to motivate and raise the dignity of batik artisans and supporting efforts to improve people's welfare.

Depbudpar stated effort to make Batik Indonesia UNESCO recognized it involves relevant stakeholders in batik, both governments, and the craftsmen, scholars, business associations and foundations / institutions and society at large batik in the preparation of nomination documents.

RI Representatives Jury Team member countries (the Subsidiary Body), namely the United Arab Emirates, Turkey, Estonia, Mexico, Kenya and South Korea and the UNESCO-Paris, plays an important role in introducing a wider batik to the members of the Subsidiary Body, so that they more thoroughly studied Indonesian Batik nomination documents.

UNESCO noted Batik Indonesia and one other proposal from Spain is the best nomination document and can be used as examples in the nomination process was eye-object culture in the future.

Depbudpar Indonesian government declared these efforts is a commitment as a state party UNESCO Convention for the Protection of Cultural Heritage Takbenda, who has been in effect since 2003 and ratified by 114 countries (Indonesia ratified in 2007).

Convention referred to emphasize the protection of cultural heritage takbenda, among others, the tradition of spoken and expression, rituals and festivals, crafts, music, dance, traditional art performances, and culinary. Legacy is still alive and handed down from generation to generation, giving a sense of community and group identity and continuity, and is considered as an effort to respect cultural diversity and human creativity.

UNESCO recognizes that the batik technique and Indonesia has a cultural symbol of the identity of the people of Indonesia from birth to death, carried the baby with patterned batik cloth with symbols of luck, and who died covered with batik cloth.

Apparel with the daily pattern is used routinely in the business and academic activities, while others used various shades of the wedding, pregnancy, also in the puppet, nonsandang needs and various artistic performances. Batik cloth and even played a major role in certain rituals.

Various shades of Batik Indonesia indicates the existence of various external influences from Arabic calligraphy, a phoenix from China, the Japanese cherry flowers to peacocks from India or Persia.

Batik tradition handed down from generation to generation, batik associated with people's cultural identity through a variety of Indonesia and the symbolic meanings of colors and patterns to express creativity and spiritual people of Indonesia.

Batik Indonesia UNESCO entered into a Representative List because it has met the criteria, among others, rich with symbolism and philosophy of life of the people of Indonesia; to contribute to the preservation of cultural heritage during this takbenda and in the future.

Furthermore the entire community with the government taking steps on an ongoing basis for protection, including increased awareness and capacity development, including education and training activities.

In preparing the nomination, the parties have made a variety of activities, including research in the field, studies, seminars, and so on to discuss the contents of the document and to enrich the information freely and openly.

The Government has entered into Indonesia Batik Inventory List Cultural eyes Indonesia.

Mengenal Keris

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Keris is a typical Indonesian stabbing weapon, or perhaps more accurately Archipelago. Based on ancient documents, the keris in preliminary form has been used since the 9th century. Strong likelihood that the keris has been used before that time.

The use of the keris itself scattered in clumps community Malays. At present, the keris commonly known in the area of Indonesia (especially in the areas of Java, Madura, Bali / Lombok, Sumatra, part of Borneo, and some of Sulawesi), Malaysia, Brunei, Thailand, and Philippines (particularly in the Mindanao region). In Mindanao, the form of weapon which is also called the keris is not much resemblance but also a stabbing weapon.

Keris has a variety of forms, for example, there is a winding blade (berbilang always odd) and some are straight bladed. Javanese people assume different forms have different effects esoteri.

Besides being used as a weapon, the keris is also often considered to have supernatural powers. This weapon is often mentioned in many traditional legends, such as the keris Mpu Gandring in legend of Ken Arok and Ken Dedes.

The procedure to use different kris in each region. In areas such as Javanese and Sundanese, the keris is placed in the back of the waist in peacetime but is placed in front in the war. Meanwhile, in Sumatra, Borneo, Malaysia, Brunei and the Philippines, the keris was placed in front.

Kris addition, there are a number of other stabbing weapons in the archipelago region, such as Rencong from Aceh, Badik from Sulawesi and West Java cleaver. Keris distinguished from other stabbing weapons primarily from the blade. Keris is not made from a single metal casted but a mixture of various metal layers. As a result of this manufacturing technique, the keris has a specificity of fame on the blade.
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History of Batik Indonesia

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Batik is historically derived from ancestral times, known since the seventeenth century, written and painted on palm leaves. At that time batik motif or pattern is still dominated by the form of animals and plants. But in the history of batik development evolved, namely from painting motifs of animals and plants gradually turn to an abstract pattern that resembles a cloud, temple reliefs, wayang beber and so on. Next by coalescing with the art style of painting decorating clothing, batik art emerged as we know it today.

The type and style of traditional batik quite so much, but the pattern and variations in accordance with the philosophy and culture of each region are very diverse. The cultural treasures of this rich Indonesia has led to the birth of batik style and types of specialties tradisioanal with their own characteristics.

The development of Batik in Indonesia

History of batik in Indonesia related to the development of the kingdom of Majapahit kingdom and beyond. In some records, the development of batik is often committed in times of Mataram kingdom, then in the kingdom of Solo and Yogyakarta.

Art is the art of batik on fabric image for clothing that was one of the family culture of Indonesian kings of old. Batik initially done only in a limited course and outcome palace for the king and the family clothing and his followers. Because many of the followers of the king who lived outside the palace, the art of batik was taken by them out of court and be done in place of each.

The process of making batik
In the development of batik art gradually imitated by the people of this and the next nearest extends to the work of women in the household to fill his spare time. Furthermore, batik clothing was only the royal family, then became a popular folk clothes, both women and men.

White fabric that is used when it is woven themselves. Medium coloring materials used consist of native plants homemade Indonesia among others, from: mengkudu tree, tall, Soga, indigo, and flat materials made from soda ash, as well as salts made from mud.

So this batik in Indonesia has been known since the days of the Majapahit kingdom and continue to grow until the next kingdom. The start spreading this batik art belongs to the people of Indonesia and Java in particular tribe is after the end of the eighteenth century or early nineteenth century. Produced batik batik is all until the early twentieth century and printed batik is known only after the world war was over unity or around the year 1920. Now batik has become part of traditional Indonesian clothing.

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Lagu Indonesia Raya

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Syair lagu Indonesia Raya versi aslinya
Stanza 1:

Indonesia Tanah Airkoe

Tanah Toempah Darahkoe

Disanalah Akoe Berdiri

Djadi Pandoe Iboekoe

Indonesia Kebangsaankoe

Bangsa Dan Tanah Airkoe

Marilah Kita Berseroe

Indonesia Bersatoe

Hidoeplah Tanahkoe

Hidoeplah Negrikoe

Bangsakoe Ra'jatkoe Sem'wanja

Bangoenlah Djiwanja

Bangoenlah Badannja

Oentoek Indonesia Raja


Indonesia Raja Merdeka Merdeka

Tanahkoe Negrikoe Jang Koetjinta

Indonesia Raja Merdeka Merdeka

Hidoeplah Indonesia Raja

(Diulang dua kali)

Stanza 2:

Indonesia Tanah Jang Moelia

Tanah Kita Jang Kaja

Disanalah Akoe Berdiri

Oentoek Slama-Lamanja

Indonesia Tanah Poesaka

P'saka Kita Semoenja

Marilah Kita Mendo'a

Indonesia Bahagia

Soeboerlah Tanahnja

Soeboerlah Djiwanja

Bangsanja Ra'jatnja Sem'wanja

Sadarlah Hatinja

Sadarlah Boedinja

Oentoek Indonesia Raja

Indonesia Raja Merdeka Merdeka

Tanahkoe Negrikoe Jang Koetjinta

Indonesia Raja Merdeka Merdeka

Hidoeplah Indonesia Raja

(Diulang dua kali)

Stanza 3:

Indonesia Tanah Jang Seotji

Tanah Kita Jang Sakti

Disanalah Akoe Berdiri

'Njaga Iboe Sedjati

Indonesia Tanah Berseri

Tanah Jang Akoe Sajangi

Marilah Kita Berdjandji

Indonesia Abadi

S'lamatlah Ra'jatnja

S'lamatlah Poetranja

Poelaoenja Laoetnja Sem'wanja

Madjoelah Negrinja

Madjoelah Pandoenja

Oentoek Indonesia Raja

Indonesia Raja Merdeka Merdeka

Tanahkoe Negrikoe Jang Koetjinta

Indonesia Raja Merdeka Merdeka

Hidoeplah Indonesia Raja

(Diulang dua kali)

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